The applications of super absorbent polymer(SAP) from Chinafloc - CHINAFLOC
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The applications of super absorbent polymer(SAP) from Chinafloc

 

The applications of super absorbent polymer(SAP) from Chinafloc

 

Chinafloc-sap is a highly efficient polymer based water retainer that, when incorporated into a soil or a substrate will absorb and retain large quantities of water and nutrients. Unlike most products that become hydrated, Chinafloc-sap can easily release absorbed water and nutrients, thereby allowing crops to access the water and nutrients available at will, as a function of the absorption and release cycles.

How it Works

The high performance polymer used in Chinafloc-super sbaorbent polymer consists of a set of polymeric chains that are parallel to each other and regularly linked to each other by cross-linking agents, thus forming a network.

When water comes into contact with one of these polymeric chains, it is drawn into the molecule by osmosis.

Water rapidly migrates into the interior of the super absorbent polymer network where it is stored. As the soil or substrate dries out, the polymer then releases up to 95% of the absorbed water back into the soil.

Agriculture & Farming

Chinafloc-sap super absorbent polymer is highly effective when used in large scale farming and agricultural applications, especially at the time of germination and development of the root network due to good aeration of the soil.

The storage of rainwater or irrigation water by Chinafloc-sap delays the wilting point and thus makes it possible for certain plants to begin to be well established while waiting for the water regime to become adequate. Chinafloc-sap ensures a good population and an even growth of plants even in very permeable soils.

Arboriculture

Chinafloc-super absorbent polymer is highly effective in the planting of trees, bushes, and saplings. It makes it possible to reduce the mortality rate of each crop due to transplanting shock and to enhance root development to accelerate growth and production.

Lawns & Sod

Water retainers are simple to use throughout the growth cycle of lawns and sod. They ensure effective germination, faster root development, and regular and even growth of lawns. The rooting of sod is also accelerated.

Chinafloc-super absorbent polymer is widely used in landscaping for golf courses and grass in recreational parks and gardens.

Hydroseeding

Chinafloc-sap is commonly used in hydroseeding to stabilise newly graded soils. Mixed with or without cellulose mulch, it makes it possible to maintain a minimum of surface water, which permits rapid sprouting of seedlings even in dry areas. The vegetation cover develops uniformly and rapidly over the whole treated surface. There are no dry spots without grass.

Additionally Chinafloc-super absorbent polymer also prevents cellulose mulch from becoming hardpan during a dry spell. The mulch remains aerated and allows the seeds to sprout quickly. Chinafloc-sap also makes it possible to reduce the amount of mulch required.

Soil Mixes

When mixed into a substrate, Chinafloc-sap acts as a super absorbent water retainer to provide a reduction in water stress. It ensures that plant cuttings and transplants take root better and that seedlings grow faster.

Irrigation frequencies are also extended to save water. It is an ideal solution in substrates for containers, hanging plants, and house plants.

Watering frequencies are commonly reduced by 30% to 50%, which likewise reduces labour costs and the amount of water used.

Mixing with Fertilisers

To reduce leaching of nutrients added to agricultural soils, Chinafloc-sap may be mixed dry into fertiliser preparations.

The behaviour of plants fertilized with this mixture makes it possible to maintain or even increase
yield while at the same time protecting the environment from leaching. Manufacturers' test results also show better root development of the plants.

Savings in the order of 15% to 30% are observed in the amount of fertilisers used.

Floral Decoration

Chinafloc-sap is commonly used for colouring the water in glass containers. Chinafloc-super absorbent polymer in granules is allowed to expand in coloured solutions. The hydrogel created is placed in glass containers in which cut flowers may be placed.

Bare Root Dipping

Chinafloc-super absorbent polymer can be used for root dipping in order to prevent the desiccation of the roots of seedlings during transplanting or transport over a long distance.

Usage of SAP for crops

 

Crop species

Dosage

Usage

Fresh ginger

3.0-5.0kg/667 m2

hole fertilization:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole,earthing,watering,then sowing.

Potato

Tania

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole(depth: 10-20cm),earthing, then seeding potato pieces, earthing and watering.

Chinese cabbage

Spinach

3.0-5.0kg/667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole(depth: 10-15cm),earthing and watering. Then seeding.

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

seed dressing(for broadcast sowing):

SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, sowing on the surface,Turn into about 5-10cm deep soil layer,watering thoroughly,then sowing seeds.

cabbage、cabbage mustard、flower Chinese cabbage

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

hole fertilization:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole,then put sapling with soil lump into hole, earthing,watering.

Radish、carrot、root-mustard

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

seed dressing(for broadcast sowing):

SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, sowing on the surface,Turn into about 5-10cm deep soil layer,watering thoroughly,then sowing seeds.

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole(depth: 10-20cm),earthing and watering. Then seeding.

Green Chinese onion、onion、celery、garlic

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole ,earthing and watering. Then seeding.

tomato、eggplant、chilli

 

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

hole fertilization:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole,then planting crops and earthing,watering.

Melon:cucumber、watermelon、muskmelon、pumpkin、chinese watermelon、luffa

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

hole fertilization(Furrow dressing):

SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole(furrow) (depth: 10-20cm) then planting crops and earthing,watering.

3.0-5.0 kg/667m2

Topdressing:dig a long furrow width: 10-15cm depth: 15-20cm at side of plant, SAP: dry soil =1:10-20stir evenly, then fertilize in hole, then watering thoroughly and earthing.

grain、cash crop:corn、peanut、wheat、tobacco、beans

 

 

Seed  soaking:

First, SAP: water= 1:100-150 to be gel

   Second, taking seeds into gel for 12 hours

   Third, airing then seeding

   Forth, watering thoroughly

3.0-5.0kg/ 667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole(depth: 10-20cm),earthing and seeding. Then watering.

Cotton

 

 

Seed  dressing:

SAP: water=1:100 to be gel,Stir in the seed,after airing then seeding.

 

3.0-5.0kg/ 667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:10-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in furrow(depth: 10-15cm),then sowing cotton seeds to furrow

Turf

Sandy soil:

60-80g/ m2

Fat soil:

40-60g/ m2

Clay :

20-40g/ m2

SAP: water=1:15-20 stir evenly(SAP is better to absorb enough water to be saturated gel)stir evenly, sowing on the surface,Turn into about 5-10cm deep soil layer,sowing grass seed or sod transplanting  after leveling, then watering thoroughly.

Flower

3.0-5.0kg/ 667m2

Furrow dressing:SAP: dry soil=1:15-20,stir evenly, then fertilize in hole(depth: 10-15cm),earthing and seeding flower seeds into hole. Then watering thoroughly.

sapling

DBH 2-4cm:20-30g/plant;

DBH 4-5cm:50-70g/plant;DBH 6-7cm :80-100g/plant;Adult tree:100-200g/plant

hole fertilization:

SAP: dry soil=1:5-10,stir evenly, fertilize into hole, and divided into two layers, the first layer into the hole bottom,then putting sapling in hole and filling soil. The second layer into upside of sapling root, then filling soil and watering.

 

 

Dipping root

  SAP: water =1:100—150 to be gel,also can add some loess to be mud,The seedling root into the gel and stirring for 3-5 seconds,dip and plant. Used for sapling transplanting, It is better to be wrapped by plastic when transplanting.

Fruit tree:

apple、pear、apricot、peach、date

 

DBH 2-4cm:20-30g/plant;

DBH 4-5cm:50-70g/plant;

DBH 6-7cm :80-100g/plant;

adult tree:100-200g/plant

hole fertilization:

SAP: dry soil=1:5-10,stir evenly, fertilize into hole, and divided into two layers, the first layer into the hole bottom,then putting sapling in hole and filling soil. The second layer into upside of sapling root, then filling soil and watering.

 

20-50 g/plant

Dressing:The canopy projection shall prevail,digging circular furrow or strip furrow along the edge of projection, (width:10-15cm  depth:To expose the partial root shall prevail),Mixing SAP and soil which is 10cm from ditch bottom, then fertilize into ditch, filling the ditch after irrigation. If fertilizing with fertilizer, fertilizer should be above SAP, fertilizer and SAP should be separated by soil.

grape

 

3.0-5.0kg/667 m2

Dressing:dig a long furrow width: 15-25cm depth: 30-40cm located 20-25cm at side of grape plant,Mixing SAP and soil which is 10cm from ditch bottom, then fertilize into ditch, filling the ditch after irrigation. If fertilizing with fertilizer, fertilizer should be above SAP, fertilizer and SAP should be separated by soil.